Intestinal Worms

WHAT ARE INTESTINAL WORMS

Worming is one of the first health care issues pet owners need to address as pups and kittens are the most susceptible. As their name suggests, intestinal worms are parasites that live inside your pet’s intestines. These worms range in size from small to surprisingly large (up to 18cm in length!). Regardless of their size however, they all have negative, and potentially deadly effects.

Most species of animal, as well as humans, can be infected with intestinal worms including dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, fish, birds and reptiles.

Common intestinal worms in Australian pets include

  • Roundworms

  • Tapeworms

  • Whipworms

  • Hookworms

What are the signs that may occur if your pet has worms:

  • Vomiting 
  • Diarrhoea 
  • Anaemia (also known as a low Red Blood Cell Count) 
  • Low total protein (or fluid loss/reduced protein absorption by the intestines)
  • Low body condition/weight and/or difficulty maintaining body condition 
  • In severe cases heavy intestinal worm burdens can also cause death 

Worms can also be squirmy problem for people: 

That's right, worms that affect our pets can also affect us too. Different worms when transmitted from our pets to us can cause: diarrhoea, vomiting, anal pruritis (also known as an itchy bottom), skin lesions, eye lesions (including blindness), organ damage and in severe cases death. That is why worm control in our pets is also really important for our health too. 

How to control worms: 

Worms sometimes have complex lifecycles which involve a period of existence and development outside your pet. Understanding the life cycle of a specific worm is important so that strategies for treatment and prevention can be designed and implemented.  For instance, some tapeworms need to pass through fleas to complete their lifecycle, so flea prevention is an important method of controlling tapeworms.

It is important to maintain a routine worming treatment for your pets, to reduce the incidence of infection and to reduce environmental contamination. There are many worming treatments available for the various worm infections that occur in our pets.These are available as tablets, spot-ons, or pastes. Re-infection is a common problem, particularly in pets that are in contact with a heavily contaminated environment. Another very important reason to worm your pets is to protect your family; as children in particular can become infected with certain dog and cat worms.

Below are some tips to consider regarding worm prevention:

  • Promptly clean up pet faeces

  • Practice good hygiene, always encourage children to wash their hands regularly (especially after playing in dirt or sandpits, playing with pets or prior to eating)

  • Prevent children from playing where the soil may be contaminated

  • Keep your pet's environment clean

  • Always dispose of dog faeces in public parks and playgrounds

If you have a question about worming, or wish to discuss a suitable intestinal worming program for your pet, please feel free to contact our clinic.